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Upper School Curriculum (9-12 & PG)


9th - 12th Grades 

Modern World History
  • Explore the influence of politics, the arts, economics, science, and religion on the history of the world from Late Antiquity to the present
  • Study global themes as cross-cultural encounters, political development, scientific and technological development, the arts, literature, revolution and social change
  • Examine Africa and Asia before and after imperialism, nationalism, the world wars, 20th century ideologies such as fascism and communism, the Holocaust, and post-World War II international developments 
Modern United States History
  • Examine the leading aspects of American history from the period of Industrialization to the present
  • Study political issues, institutions, political parties, leadership, and diplomatic and constitutional questions; as well as economic, social and intellectual trends
  • Compare the American historical experience and relates American history to the broader global context
AP United States History
  • Focus on developing students’ understanding of American history from the pre-Columbian Era to the present
  • Investigate the content of US history for significant events, individuals, developments and processes in nine historical periods
  • Develop and use the same thinking skills and methods used by historians when they study the past
  • Explore the following themes (American and National Identity; Migration and Settlement; Politics and Power; Work, Exchange, and Technology; American in the World; Geography and the Environment; and Culture and Society) to make connections among historical developments in different times and places
AP European History
  • Develop ability to think conceptually about European history from approximately 1450 to the present and apply historical thinking skills learned
  • Explore five themes of equal importance ― interaction of Europe and the world, poverty and prosperity, objective knowledge and subjective visions, states and other institutions of power, and individual and society
  • Provide areas of historical inquiry for investigation throughout the course
  • Discuss historically about continuity and change over time, and make comparisons among various historical developments in different times and places.
  • Examine how individuals, groups and institutions interact to make up our society
  • Analyze culture, social structures, social inequities and issues
  • Study people and the roles people play in society, both as individuals and groups.

Economics - Micro
  • This course is intended to be an introductory course that teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. This course introduces students to the tools of economic analysis. Special attention is paid to scarcity and opportunity cost, the market system, supply, demand, and elasticity analysis, and consumer behavior and utility maximization. Students will also apply their acquired microeconomic knowledge to problems in current economic policy throughout the semester through the critical exploration and discussion of current microeconomic issues.

Economics - Macro
  • The course introduces students to important macroeconomic concepts, such as economic growth and its measurement, economic instability, inflation, interest rates, unemployment, and international trade. Basic macroeconomic models are used to illustrate the principles listed above in an effort to help students think like economists. Considerable attention is also paid to the global economy. Class time is regularly dedicated to the critical exploration and discussion of current macroeconomic issues.
  • Study the origins, development, structure and functions of American national government
  • Explore constitutional framework, federalism and the three branches of government including the bureaucracy, civil rights and liberties, political participation and behavior, and policy formation
AP United States Government and Politics
  • Explore the key political ideas, institutions, policies, interactions, roles, and behaviors that characterize the political culture of the United States
  • Examine politically significant concepts and themes, through which students learn to apply disciplinary reasoning, assess causes and consequences of political events
  • Interpret data to develop evidence-based arguments
  • Examine right and wrong, good and bad, how one should act, obligation, happiness, and values
  • Analyze and read what others have said about these issues, and explore how they arrive at their own personal system of values
  • Study the concepts of cultural relativism (“What’s right for us is not necessarily right for them,”) and subjectivism (“What’s right for me is not necessarily right for you.”)
  • Examine a variety of contemporary moral issues.
America in the 1960s
  • Study the late 1950s to the early 1970s
  • Examine a transitional decade in American politics, culture, and society
  • Explore three presidential administrations, the birth of modern American culture, the war in Vietnam and the quest for civil rights for all Americans

Andrews Osborne Academy

Grades PK - 12, PG
PHONE (440) 942-3600
AX (440) 942-3660
Located In Willoughby, OH, Andrews Osborne Academy is a Private Co-ed Day & Boarding College Preparatory School For Grades PK - 12, PG. Students benefit from a challenging academic program, fine and performing arts, competitive athletics, and a wide selection of extracurricular activities.