Lower School Curriculum (PK-5)

Language Arts

Pre-Kindergarten (3 years old)
  • Use fingerplays, stories, repetitious texts, predictable texts, nursery rhymes, poems, song and movement to understand new vocabulary
  • Use language to communicate in a variety of ways with others to share observations, ideas and experiences; problem-solve, reason, predict and seek new information.
  • Display understanding of top to bottom and left to right progression in reading and writing
  • Begin to recognize lower and upper case letters
  • Begin to develop listening story comprehension skills (predicting, interpreting, answering literal questions, and making connections to stories)
  • Use pictures/illustrations to aid comprehension
  • Develop active listening comprehension skills (i.e. attentiveness to verbal directions being given, whole class discussions, small group discussions)
  • Follow simple (one/two-step) directions
  • Identify name in print
  • Use drawings or other visuals to add details to verbal descriptions
Pre-Kindergarten (4 years old)
  • Build reading comprehension skills by responding to increasingly complex questions about text
  • Retell a text
  • Demonstrate an awareness of spoken language structure
  • Understand letter sound correspondence
  • Communicate with both adults and peers purposefully 
  • Practice emergent writing skills by producing letter-like shapes, symbols, letters and words that have meaning to an audience
  • Develop vocabulary by understanding word relationships and acquiring the meanings of words
Kindergarten 
  • Develop knowledge of letter sound correspondence and additional phonics skills (ex: consonant and vowel digraphs, vowel patterns, etc.)
  • Acquire sight-word recognition and comprehension to aide reading experiences
  • Build foundational reading skills to read age-appropriate fiction and nonfiction texts with purpose and understanding
  • Understand and identify age-appropriate story elements when listening and reading
  • Develop beginning writing skills and mechanics
First Grade
  • Build foundational reading skills, beginning with phonological awareness and progressing through fluency and comprehension
  • Read and comprehend grade level fiction and nonfiction independently and proficiently
  • Spell grade appropriate words correctly, both phonetic and irregular
  • Understand and apply standard English grammar when writing: capitalization, punctuation and parts of speech
  • Write grade level appropriate creative writing, informative and narrative texts
  • Refine legible writing skills
Second Grade 
  • Build foundational reading skills by applying phonics skills
  • Apply comprehension strategies to understand various texts
  • Identify parts of speech including nouns, verbs and adjectives
  • Demonstrate the use of grade level spelling words in writing
  • Learn and apply proper capitalization and punctuation while writing
  • Construct detailed sentences
  • Write in various formats such as narrative, informational and opinion pieces
  • Learn to read and write in cursive
Third Grade 
  • Read grade level fiction and nonfiction text using appropriate speed, accuracy and expression
  • Identify and use comprehension skills such as searching for evidence, making inferences, determining fact or fiction, identifying main idea and details
  • Differentiate between cause and effect
  • Identify story elements (setting, characters, plots, problem and solution) 
  • Build spelling skills and word experiences by focusing on high frequency writing words as well as spelling patterns and apply those skills while writing
  • Identify and practice stages in writing process (brainstorm, rough draft editing and final drafts)
  • Build a strong understanding of paragraph format and sentence structure while exposing students to different purposes of writing (narrative, persuasive, informational and poetry)
  • Identify parts of speech and use them correctly in writing
Fourth Grade 
  • Explore story elements (theme, characters, setting, problem and solution) through novel study
  • Read, analyze and interpret a Shakespeare play through the presentation of a theatrical production
  • Learn to have a respectful exchange of ideas through facilitated discussions about literature
  • Expand vocabulary development through Mindglow creative writing activities
  • Apply writing conventions, revise and edit multi-paragraph compositions
  • Demonstrate the use of grade level spelling words in writing
Fifth Grade 
  • Read, comprehend and discuss a variety of narrative and expository texts, novels, short stories, essays and poetry to experience a wide range of genres 
  • Identify main ideas and summarize succinctly
  • Make logical inferences while reading
  • Explore literature tied to Latin America as part of the co-curricular year-long study of Latin America
  • Explore opportunities to improve writing through composition (structure, word choice, grammar, presentation) and editing instruction (grammar, spelling, and punctuation)
  • Effectively and independently self-edit writing from short responses to multi-paragraph essays

Andrews Osborne Academy

Grades PK - 12, PG
PHONE (440) 942-3600
F
AX (440) 942-3660
Located In Willoughby, OH, Andrews Osborne Academy is a Private Co-ed Day & Boarding College Preparatory School For Grades PK - 12, PG. Students benefit from a challenging academic program, fine and performing arts, competitive athletics, and a wide selection of extracurricular activities.