All School Curriculum (PK-12 & PG)

Language Arts and English

Pre-Kindergarten (3 years old)
  • Use fingerplays, stories, repetitious texts, predictable texts, nursery rhymes, poems, song and movement to understand new vocabulary
  • Use language to communicate in a variety of ways with others to share observations, ideas and experiences; problem-solve, reason, predict and seek new information.
  • Display understanding of top to bottom and left to right progression in reading and writing
  • Begin to recognize lower and upper case letters
  • Begin to develop listening story comprehension skills (predicting, interpreting, answering literal questions, and making connections to stories)
  • Use pictures/illustrations to aid comprehension
  • Develop active listening comprehension skills (i.e. attentiveness to verbal directions being given, whole class discussions, small group discussions)
  • Follow simple (one/two-step) directions
  • Identify name in print
  • Use drawings or other visuals to add details to verbal descriptions
Pre-Kindergarten (4 years old)
  • Build reading comprehension skills by responding to increasingly complex questions about text
  • Retell a text
  • Demonstrate an awareness of spoken language structure
  • Understand letter sound correspondence
  • Communicate with both adults and peers purposefully 
  • Practice emergent writing skills by producing letter-like shapes, symbols, letters and words that have meaning to an audience
  • Develop vocabulary by understanding word relationships and acquiring the meanings of words
Kindergarten
  • Develop knowledge of letter sound correspondence and additional phonics skills (ex: consonant and vowel digraphs, vowel patterns, etc.)
  • Acquire sight-word recognition and comprehension to aide reading experiences
  • Build foundational reading skills to read age-appropriate fiction and nonfiction texts with purpose and understanding
  • Understand and identify age-appropriate story elements when listening and reading
  • Develop beginning writing skills and mechanics
First Grade 
  • Build foundational reading skills, beginning with phonological awareness and progressing through fluency and comprehension
  • Read and comprehend grade level fiction and nonfiction independently and proficiently
  • Spell grade appropriate words correctly, both phonetic and irregular
  • Understand and apply standard English grammar when writing: capitalization, punctuation and parts of speech
  • Write grade level appropriate creative writing, informative and narrative texts
  • Refine legible writing skills
Second Grade 
  • Build foundational reading skills by applying phonics skills
  • Apply comprehension strategies to understand various texts
  • Identify parts of speech including nouns, verbs and adjectives
  • Demonstrate the use of grade level spelling words in writing
  • Learn and apply proper capitalization and punctuation while writing
  • Construct detailed sentences
  • Write in various formats such as narrative, informational and opinion pieces
  • Learn to read and write in cursive
Third Grade 
  • Read grade level fiction and nonfiction text using appropriate speed, accuracy and expression
  • Identify and use comprehension skills such as searching for evidence, making inferences, determining fact or fiction, identifying main idea and details
  • Differentiate between cause and effect
  • Identify story elements (setting, characters, plots, problem and solution) 
  • Build spelling skills and word experiences by focusing on high frequency writing words as well as spelling patterns and apply those skills while writing
  • Identify and practice stages in writing process (brainstorm, rough draft editing and final drafts)
  • Build a strong understanding of paragraph format and sentence structure while exposing students to different purposes of writing (narrative, persuasive, informational and poetry)
  • Identify parts of speech and use them correctly in writing
Fourth Grade 
  • Explore story elements (theme, characters, setting, problem and solution) through novel study
  • Read, analyze and interpret a Shakespeare play through the presentation of a theatrical production
  • Learn to have a respectful exchange of ideas through facilitated discussions about literature
  • Expand vocabulary development through Mindglow creative writing activities
  • Apply writing conventions, revise and edit multi-paragraph compositions
  • Demonstrate the use of grade level spelling words in writing
Fifth Grade 
  • Read, comprehend and discuss a variety of narrative and expository texts, novels, short stories, essays and poetry to experience a wide range of genres 
  • Identify main ideas and summarize succinctly
  • Make logical inferences while reading
  • Explore literature tied to Latin America as part of the co-curricular year-long study of Latin America
  • Explore opportunities to improve writing through composition (structure, word choice, grammar, presentation) and editing instruction (grammar, spelling, and punctuation)
  • Effectively and independently self-edit writing from short responses to multi-paragraph essays
Sixth Grade 
  • Explore several genres such as historical fiction, survival fiction, mythology, poetry mystery and realistic fiction
  • Use historical facts to weave a creative short story
  • Employ varied poetic structures and figurative language to write poems
  • Use analysis while developing essay writing skills in a compare/contrast essay 
  • Study Greek Mythology with a culminating performance of a Greek Play
  • Read for deeper meaning such as symbolism or clues in a mystery
Seventh Grade 
  • Explore topics such as: reluctant heroes in difficult times, everyday heroes, comedic heroes, heroes of war and ethical choices in heroics
  • Study three main phases: critical reading and analysis of text, exploration of case studies (both real and literary) and engagement in project work/written analysis
  • Elaborate on skills to develop an organized and strong essay which include thesis statement, evidence with examples for support and work cited page
  • Explore how using evidence and examples from the text help support arguments
  • Expand vocabulary to include key literary devices (such as irony, allusion, point of view and symbolism)
  • Work collaboratively with other subjects to produce cross-curricular projects such as the Medieval Feast, Shark Week and Colonial reenactment
Eighth Grade 
  • Explore how values reflect and shape different societal groups (families, communities, cultures) as well as individuals
  • Examine what happens when values change over time and look closely at societies and individuals in transition 
  • Review the investigation of values that is both self-reflective and literary through idea generation, curiosity, flexibility and openness to exploring ideas 
  • Produce, clear, focused writing, perfecting phrasing, word choice, mechanics and organization 
  • Expand creative thinking components and participate in Socratic seminars
  • Broaden understanding of major themes in literature, history and culture that align with 8th grade American History curriculum
Eighth Grade Honors
  • Expand units of study with additional rigor
  • Read additional novels, maintain a pace of reading and writing that is beyond the regular 8th grade language arts class
  • Embark on a series of fiction writing experiences that culminate in a bound 8 chapter novella


World Literature/World Literature Honors
  • Examine cultural history and traditions through literature
  • Read classical and contemporary works to better understand students' place in the world
  • Explore  works from ancient civilizations to the Renaissance
  • Study and critically respond to the art, architecture, and philosophy of the periods

British Literature/British Literature Honors
  • Study of British literature from the Anglo-Saxon period to the modern age. Major works typically covered include excerpts from Beowulf, Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, Shakespeare’s "Macbeth", Dickens’s Great Expectations, Achebe’s Things Fall Apart and Orwell’s 1984
  • Study poetry that reflects a variety of literary movements (romanticism, modernism, etc.), while working to improve writing skills
  • Acquisition vocabulary, close-reading and composition skills are emphasized, and on-going journal writing provides fertile material for student-generated discussions and writing assignments throughout the year

American Literature & Composition/American Literature & Composition Honors
  • Explore the virtuosity of individual voices in response to social forces within the cultural contexts of American art, film, nature and literature
  • Read and respond to works by great American writers such as: Hawthorne, Miller, Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, Dickinson, Gilman, Twain, James, Chopin, Fitzgerald, Hurston, Hemingway, Capote, Irving, O’Brien, Baldwin, Carver, etc.
  • Engage critical and creative thinking and frame thematic units of study
  • Combined with courses of study, students write a research paper that considers literature in its social and historical contexts.

AP Language and Composition
  • Expanding on the same outline as the American Literature and Composition class, the additional feature of this college-level course is a year-long study of rhetoric and composition, focusing on analysis and argument. Students prepare for the AP Language and Composition exam (given in May) by working on deepening their awareness of how language works.

AP Literature and Composition
  • Study and write about the plays seen during the Senior Theater Trip
  • Undertake an intensive study of the genres of short fiction, drama and poetry using a college-level text
  • Compose a significant amount of essays
  • Write a literature-based term paper on AP-level dramas and longer works of fiction not covered in previous years
  • Organize works around a central theme which may change from year to year.

Senior English Seminar
Choose from a variety of literary topics and are an excellent transition to the University or College experience. Delving into Senior Seminar topics, students gain insight into the moral complexities of the human condition in ways that will help strengthen their capacity to make informed choices.
  • Brave New World: An Introduction to Social Science — This seminar is designed to introduce students to the core of social research in political science, psychology, and sociology.
  • The Play’s the Thing: American and European Drama — Students read and see plays written during the European Renaissance through the 19th century as well as modern European and American theatre. This seminar includes discussion, comparing stage productions to film adaptations, and attending live performances and workshops.
  • The Hero’s Journey — This course follows the scholarship of anthropologist Joseph Campbell and psychologist Carl Jung in an examination of the monomyth of the hero’s journey involving an individual who leaves the known world behind and achieves great deeds on behalf of the larger community.
  • Traveler’s Tales — This seminar celebrates writers who dreamed journeys, places, and people who never existed, as well as raconteurs who threw themselves into open roads and shared their tales with the world.
  • Detective Fiction—Students examine the genre of detective fiction from its beginning in the works of Edgar Allan Poe (and his famed sleuth, Auguste Dupin), through the prototypical detective, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes, into the 20th century in America and "hard-boiled" detectives like Philip Marlow Sam Spade, and ultimately into the 21st century.
  • Reading Gossip: The Nature and Role of Gossip in Literature — An anthropological lens allows students to learn how to recognize gossip and its social power to affect status and opinion. They also learn how writers use gossip as a framing device.
Philosophy through Film
  • Studies film for philosophical reflection and argumentation
  • Understand the language of film and with major philosophical works
  • Engage in Socratic Seminar and write reaction papers assessing the philosophical value of film

Andrews Osborne Academy

Grades PK - 12, PG
PHONE (440) 942-3600
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AX (440) 942-3660
Located In Willoughby, OH, Andrews Osborne Academy is a Private Co-ed Day & Boarding College Preparatory School For Grades PK - 12, PG. Students benefit from a challenging academic program, fine and performing arts, competitive athletics, and a wide selection of extracurricular activities.